Worldwide Covid Deaths: The global COVID-19 death toll could be three times higher than the official pandemic record. This information has been given in an analysis published in The Lancet. According to the official COVID death records, 5.9 million people died between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021. However, the new study estimates that there were 18.2 million additional deaths in the same period and India alone accounted for 22 per cent of the estimated total global deaths.
More deaths in India
Excess deaths, the difference between the number of deaths recorded from all causes and the number expected based on past trends, is a major measure of the actual death toll of an epidemic. According to the Friday morning update of the Union Health Ministry, the total death toll in India is 5,15,714. However, the study showed that India had 4.1 million more deaths as of December 31, 2021, and the country tops the list of nearly seven countries, accounting for more than half of the global excess deaths due to the pandemic in a 24-month period. are responsible for.
Large population was a big reason
The other countries are the US (1.1 million), Russia (1.1 million), Mexico (798,000), Brazil (792,000), Indonesia (736,000) and Pakistan (664,000). Among these countries, high mortality rates were highest in Russia (375 deaths per 100,000) and Mexico (325 deaths per 100,000) and were similar in Brazil (187 deaths per 100,000) and the US (179 deaths per 100,000). As the findings show, due to its large population, India alone accounts for an estimated 22 per cent of the global total deaths. South Asia had the highest number of estimated additional deaths from COVID-19, with 5.3 million additional deaths, followed by North Africa and the Middle East (1.7 million) and Eastern Europe (1.4 million).
The full impact of the pandemic is far greater
Researchers from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent global health research center at the University of Washington, said these numbers suggest the full impact of the pandemic could be much greater. Calculating the difference between the additional death estimates and the officially reported deaths provides a measure of the pandemic’s actual death count, the researchers said. In addition, the analysis showed that the proportion of more deaths than reported deaths was higher than other regions in South Asia (9.5 times more deaths than reported deaths) and Sub-Saharan Africa (14.2 times higher than reported deaths). times higher) was found to be very high.
time taken for new data
“The large differences between additional deaths and official records may be the result of inter-diagnosis due to lack of testing and issues with reporting of death data,” the researchers wrote in the paper. The new study provides the first peer-reviewed estimates of pandemic excess deaths between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021, globally and for 191 countries and territories (and 252 sub-national locations such as states and provinces).
data from multiple sources
Weekly or monthly data on all-cause deaths in 2021, 2020 and 11 prior years for 74 countries and 266 states and provinces obtained through searches of government websites, the World Death Database, the Human Death Database and the European Statistics Office Was. The researchers said it is important to distinguish between deaths directly from COVID-19 and those that occur as an indirect result of the pandemic (such as suicide or drug use due to behavioral changes or lack of access to health care). ).
Most deaths due to Kovid in the world
IHME lead author Dr. Haidong Wang said, “Understanding the actual death toll from the pandemic is critical to making effective public health decisions. Studies from several countries, including Sweden and the Netherlands, show that COVID-19 was the direct cause of most deaths.” , but at present we do not have enough evidence for most locations. Further research will help to find out how many deaths were due to Kovid-19, and how many deaths were recorded as an indirect result of the pandemic.”
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