The victory of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the assembly elections has put it in a strong position for the presidential election to be held this year. Political analysts say that the BJP’s big victory in Uttar Pradesh will help the Prime Minister. Narendra Modi The Congress will have ample opportunity to decide on the successor of President Ram Nath Kovind who will complete his term on July 24, 2022.
Had the Uttar Pradesh election results gone in favor of the Samajwadi Party, the BJP would have had to rely on the support of parties like Biju Janata Dal (BJD), Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), YSR Congress Party (YSRCP).
The electoral college for the Presidential election consists of elected members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and elected members of the state and union territories of Delhi and Puducherry assemblies. Members of Legislative Councils and nominated members are not part of the electoral college.
Former Lok Sabha Secretary General P Sreedharan said, “Now the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) has the advantage.”
In terms of numbers, the electoral college is made up of 233 members of the Rajya Sabha, 543 members of the Lok Sabha and 4,120 members of the Legislative Assemblies – a total of 4,896 electors. The value of each MP’s vote has been fixed at 708, while the maximum value of an MLA’s vote in the states is 208. The total value of votes in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly is 83,824, Punjab 13,572, Uttarakhand 4480, Goa 800 and Manipur 1080.
A political analyst said the string of victories in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur has made the presidential election easier for the BJP.
A section of the opposition had projected Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) chief Sharad Pawar as a possible candidate for the presidential election. TRS supremo and Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao also met some opposition leaders indirectly to play an important role in the presidential election.
In an attempt to create a split in the BJP-led NDA, the NCP has proposed the name of Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar as the joint opposition candidate in the presidential election, but the question is whether he will part ways with the BJP.
Presidential elections follow the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The value of each vote is predetermined in proportion to the population of the respective state on the basis of the 1971 census. Under this, the total value of the electoral college consisting of 4,896 electors is 10,98,903 and the winning candidate has to get an additional vote with at least 50 percent to be declared elected.