Installation of water supply pipes is one of the most important stages of construction or major repairs of private and multi-storey construction. When working, pipes of various diameters and materials can be used. Installation of water supply pipelines is rarely carried out by homeowners on their own, as it requires special knowledge and work experience from the master. Therefore, it is recommended to entrust the work to specialists who guarantee the quick completion of installation work and the absence of emergency situations during operation. A professional emergency plumbing service can carry out the work. Experienced specialists will help you avoid mistakes and do the job reliably.
Features of installation of water supply in urban apartments
Water supply to city apartments is centralized, so only the correct wiring, connection to each plumbing device, docking is required. Pipe laying can be carried out in a closed and open way. The pipeline must be made of steel, polymers, or metal-plastic. It is most difficult to work with steel because of the need to weld individual elements. Therefore, metal-plastic and polymer pipes are used more often. Installation of polyethylene pipes for water supply is carried out with the help of special transition elements.
How to prepare for the installation of water supply pipes
We start with the project of the water supply system. We form a general plan for the wiring of the pipeline, tied to the scale of the apartment. When creating it, we take into account: the parameters of the layout of the premises, the design features of the system itself and user instructions. We make the necessary measurements, according to which drawings of the premises will be created. Then you need to link the parameters of the pipeline system to the apartment plan.
· Firstly, the choice of the type of wiring is important. When the water intake points are connected in series from the water supply line through the tee, we are talking about tee wiring. This type of connection is favourably distinguished by the smaller number of pipes used. It turns out that this scheme is cheaper. However, there is also a serious drawback of this type of wiring, which is the difference in water pressure in plumbing fixtures. Another type of wiring is collector. Its main component is a distribution node (collector). From the collector to each consumer, its own independent highway is laid, delivering water. In collector assembly, either a standard branded distribution unit is used, or a collector made with their own hands from connecting elements.
· Next, it is very important to consider the methods of laying the pipeline. There are two types of them: closed and open. With the closed method of laying pipes pass inside walls or partitions imitating them. Therefore, aesthetically it looks more preferable.
Naturally, it is difficult for an inexperienced master to make such difficult decisions. If you do it wrong, you will have to spend a lot of time and money to fix it. A 24 hour emergency plumbing service helps to carry out work of any complexity.
General recommendations for the installation of cold and hot water pipes
It is correct to start the pipeline formation not from water supply sources, but from water intake points by consumers. When fixing pipes to plumbing fixtures using a threaded connection, it is necessary to choose an adapter that is suitable in size.
It will be more reliable if a ball shut-off valve is installed between the main water supply line and the plumbing device. This will allow you to instantly turn off the water supply in a particular section of the system in an emergency.
From the plumbing device, the pipe segment leads either to the collector, or to the next point of water sampling. It all depends on the type of wiring used. The most important thing is that after installation the pipe is available for repair.
It is advisable to avoid pipeline passages through walls and partitions. However, if you cannot do without it, you must first insert a rigid cylindrical tab into the holes where the pipes will pass, which will protect the highway from possible mechanical influences.
If there are drain taps in the system, the pipe segments suitable for them should be laid with a slope so that the drain is effective. Corner joints and detour segments must be made using special fittings.
When connecting to the collector, shut-off valves are necessarily used, which will allow, if necessary, to quickly shut off the water supply to the emergency segment.
For each branch of the water supply system, its own collector outlet is allocated. This applies to pipelines with both cold and hot water.