The heart is a powerful muscle, pumping blood day and night. Sometimes the heart needs help from medical professionals to move the blood in or out of its chambers. When a heart condition is neglected and worsens, the eventual option will be surgery to help the heart do its job more effectively. Here are some of the most common types of heart operations.
1) Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): This procedure takes a healthy blood vessel from your own body and places it around a blocked coronary artery in an attempt to improve blood flow, as well as to relieve angina pain. The average CABG surgery cost is around 1,89,750.
2) Angioplasty: A catheter is inserted into an artery and then threaded into a blocked area of the coronary to widen them and improve blood flow.
3) Valvuloplasty: A small balloon is inserted into a valve in your heart, and then inflated. The inflated balloon helps keep the valve portions of the heart open and allows a good flow of blood through it.
4) Off-pump coronary artery bypass or beating heart bypass): This is essentially the same as a standard coronary bypass surgery; however, in this procedure, the heart continues to beat during surgery. The surgeon makes a direct cut into the artery and guides it around the blocked section of the blood vessel. There is no need to put your body on a bypass machine, with all of its risks and complications.
5) Routine valve repair: This procedure is typically done on those who have an incompetent valve, which means it doesn’t close properly before blood flows through it again. The surgeon will take out the old valve and replace it with a new one made of tissue or metal leaf springs.
6) Valve replacement: This procedure is done when a valve is severely damaged and cannot be repaired. In this case, the surgeon will remove the valve entirely and replace it with either tissue or a mechanical valve.
7) Heart transplantation: A surgical procedure in which the diseased heart of one patient is replaced by the healthy heart of a donor. Most heart transplants are performed on patients whose own heart cannot function properly, usually because of coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy.
8) Blocked blood vessel repair: This surgical procedure involves opening up a blocked blood vessel in your body and restoring normal blood flow. When blockage occurs, a doctor may need to perform surgery on your heart.
9. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA): This is a procedure for the treatment of several forms of unstable angina. It involves threading a catheter into the heart, which is then navigated to the blocked area. Sometimes this will involve beating your own heart to be able to aim the catheter toward the blockage.
10. Aneurysm Surgery: Aneurysms are blood-filled sacs that form on the wall of your blood vessels. They can cause several problems, such as stroke and heart attack, and can be surgically repaired.
11. Stent graft repair: This is a surgical procedure that involves placing a stent into the artery where the stenosis has developed. The stent allows blood to flow through the artery appropriately.
13. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA): In this type of heart surgery, a catheter is guided into the heart to block an abnormal area of it. The target area is then heated to destroy tissue and scarring to improve blood flow, relieve angina and/or induce permanent closure of the constriction or obstruction.
Heart surgery to treat ischaemic heart disease and other heart problems is a common procedure. For most people, the heart will return to normal function once they have recovered from the surgery. There are dangers and risks associated with any type of surgery, such as bleeding, infection, and excessive scarring. Several factors can affect the likelihood of surviving this type of surgery. These include your general health before the surgery (such as diabetes), your age, smoking habits, and whether you have any other acute or chronic cardiovascular problems. Most types of heart surgeries are hospital procedures that use general anesthesia or regional block anesthesia. Your doctor will discuss all the options with you. Also, make sure to know about the heart operation cost.