What are the essential qualifications for medical school?


Getting into medical school is the first step to becoming a doctor. As the medical field is competitive, most medical schools have stringent criteria in place to pick out the best applicants. This involves basic qualifications that many aspiring medical students have already completed.

The medical school prerequisites are essential to ensure that the applicants who get selected have a basic understanding of the medical school curriculum. Students from varied educational backgrounds are selected based on their fulfillment of various mandatory requirements.

If you are passionate about joining a medical school, find out about a few standard requirements that can help you ace the admission process.


Earning a seat on an MD program requires knowledge of basic science subjects. Although general education in arts, philosophy, humanities, literature, and social sciences are encouraged, applicants with a background in subjects such as physiology, anatomy, cell biology, biochemistry, mathematics, statistics, genetics, molecular biology and psychology are given preference during the admission process.

Most colleges acknowledge the academic differences around the world but require applicants to complete mandatory coursework before admission. Below is a list of the compulsory coursework:

  • One year of zoology or general biology
  • One year each of organic and inorganic chemistry with laboratory practice
  • One year of academic English.

Besides these, gaining a high GPA score in an undergraduate degree is also a mandatory academic requirement. Most schools have set a minimum GPA as their acceptance standard which must be achieved by the applicant.

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) tests your knowledge of basic sciences as well as reasoning and writing skills. The MCAT examination is mandatory for all applicants who are U.S. citizens and is recommended for all other applicants to demonstrate key skills. A good MCAT score increases the chances of your application getting shortlisted.

English proficiency

Knowledge of the English language is essential to understand the academic curriculum of medical schools. Therefore, applicants who are non-native are required to pass the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). This tests your communication and comprehension skills which form an important part of medical school.

Previous experience

Hands-on experience working in any real life hospital setting or clinic and assisting doctors adds value to your application. Such experience allows you to gain an edge over other applicants due to evidence of practical experience in your respective field of study.

Letters of recommendation

Most medical schools require you to submit at least two letters of recommendation alongside your application. They should be from professionals with relevant experience to certify your skills and abilities. Gaining some medical experience is beneficial while preparing the letters of recommendation. 


Apart from letters of recommendation, you must submit other important documents. This includes a resume, personal statement and educational transcripts. Attaching error-free documents is a vital part of succeeding in the admissions process.

If you want to pursue your dream to become a doctor, apply today to a medical school that is tailored to your career goals. 

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