Musculoskeletal disorder can limit the ability of the person to move or function. This, in turn, can significantly impair their ability to work and carry out daily life.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), musculoskeletal injuries and disorders are common, affecting 1.71 billion people worldwide.
This article explains what ortho surgeries is, who may need it, how orthopedics treatments are performed, how to prepare for it, and the possible risks.
What Is Musculoskeletal System?
The musculoskeletal system consists of soft tissues as well as bones such as muscles, ligaments, joints, tendons and more. They provide body support and stability and allow movement. Ortho surgeries is a medical specialty that specializes in the treatment, diagnosis and treatment of the musculoskeletal system.
How Are Ortho Surgeries Performed?
The type of procedure an orthopedic surgeon performs depends on the type of injury or condition a person has.
An anesthesiologist administers general or local anesthesia. In open surgery, the surgeon usually makes a large incision. In arthroscopic surgery, on the other hand, the incision is small.
Below is a list of some common musculoskeletal procedures:
Soft tissue restoration
Surgeons in hospital perform these orthopedics treatments to repair torn ligaments and tendons. Damaged tissue is replaced with tissue from another part of the body.
For example, in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the surgeon may use the hamstring or patellar tendons to replace the torn ACL.
This surgery is usually minimally invasive and is performed on an outpatient basis.
Another example of this procedure is:
- Muscle recovery
- Tendon repair
In open reduction surgery, the best orthopedic of the hospital in India realign the broken bone using tools such as pins and plates. They hold the bones together and help them heal properly.
For severe injuries, the surgeon may use an external fixator to hold the bone in place.
Osteotomy is a procedure in which bone is cut and reshaped to realign joints or correct deformities. Surgeons use knee osteotomy to reduce pressure on the knee joint and shift a person’s weight to the stronger side of the knee.
Doctors even perform a spinal osteotomy in order to correct the curvature of the spine and lessen the pain. In addition, osteotomy helps correct deformities in joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
In joint replacement surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged joint and replaces it with a ceramic, plastic, or metal prosthesis. They remove the damaged part of the joint and replace it with an implant. They also include spacers between implants to ensure the joint moves smoothly. Hip and knee replacement surgery is an example of this procedure.
Joint Fusion surgery
In joint fusion surgery, two or more bones are joined to:
- pain reduction
- limit deformation
- Improve the stability of joint
- increase strength
The surgeon can remove the damaged area of the joint and join the bone with pins and plates.
What Are The Possible Risks And Complications Of Ortho Surgeries?
Orthopedic surgery has potential risks and complications. They include:
- reaction to anesthesia
- blood clotting
- heavy bleeding
- nerve damage
- limited freedom of movement
- scar tissue
How To Prepare For Surgery On The Musculoskeletal System?
To ensure a faster recovery and better outcome after surgery, the medical team may ask to do the following:
Pre-Rehabilitation: These are exercises that help a person prepare for surgery, prevent injury, reduce pain and side effects, and recover faster.
Eat well and sleep well: Surgery weighs on the body. A balanced diet and adequate sleep help prepare the body for surgery.
Moderate weight gain: Moderate weight gain supports regeneration.
Quit drinking alcohol and smoking: Quitting smoking can reduce complications during and after surgery. A 2014 study found that smoking increases the risk of infection and wound, lung, and neurological complications.
Stopping Certain Medications: The medical team may advise the person to stop certain medications, such as blood thinners, weeks or days before surgery.
Musculoskeletal injuries and disorders are very common and can have a significant impact on a person’s health and function.
Surgery is the treatment of choice for most of these conditions. But it comes with some risks and complications, and requires careful planning, thought, and preparation. So, consider choosing the best orthopedic hospital in India.